advantage and disadvantage of swot analysis: Swot Analysis And Advantages Of Swot Essay Example

strategic plan

Gap analysis is the process that companies use to examine their current performance vs. their desired, expected performance. The offers that appear in this table are from partnerships from which Investopedia receives compensation. Investopedia does not include all offers available in the marketplace.

advantage and disadvantage of swot analysis

With an objective in mind, a company will have guidance on what they hope to achieve at the end of the process. In this example, the SWOT analysis should help determine whether or not the product should be introduced. Now, it’s often used by governments, nonprofits, and individuals, including investors and entrepreneurs. SWOT analysis works best when diverse groups or voices within an organization are free to provide realistic data points rather than prescribed messaging. When compiling your individual SWOT factors, I would recommend you also include applicable elements from your own department such as the HR function as well as general business factors. Incorporate the analysis into an ongoing process for monitoring changes in the business environment.

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A SWOT Analysis can be overwhelming if leaders are not clear on what they are going to prioritize. The tool itself does not do this automatically, so it can be difficult to decide what to address first. SWOT is designed to address pertinent issues, so leaders may feel pressed to handle everything at once. Leaders do not need an expensive piece of software or consultant to come in to guide them through the process. All leaders need is a spreadsheet and time to fill out a SWOT Analysis.

SWOT analysis is also applicable to a range of situations, including product development, advertising campaigns, and organizational decision-making. Some SWOT items may be easy to identify, but others may need a bit more research. Gathering data for this analysis can be daunting, but if leaders know where to look for information, the process can be a lot easier.

According to Mind Tools, who offers a SWOT analysis of a product example, putting the SWOT analysis onto paper allows you to step back and see how you can more effectively run your business. Employ your management team in the strategic planning to help reap the benefits of SWOT analysis. You may recognize things you wouldn’t have been able to see bogged down in the details of the day-to-day operations of your business. In 2015, a Value Line SWOT analysis of The Coca-Cola Company noted strengths such as its globally famous brand name, vast distribution network, and opportunities in emerging markets. However, it also noted weaknesses and threats such as foreign currency fluctuations, growing public interest in “healthy” beverages, and competition from healthy beverage providers.

Strategic management is the management of an organization’s resources in order to achieve its goals and objectives. PEST Analysis is an analytical method used by companies to determine what major external factors could affect their business. With the list of ideas within each category, it is now time to clean-up the ideas. By refining the thoughts that everyone had, a company can focus on only the best ideas or largest risks to the company. This stage may require substantial debate among analysis participants, including bringing in upper management to help rank priorities. In addition to data, a company should understand the right combination of personnel to have involved in the analysis.


It is a systematic process for identifying the advantages, disadvantages, opportunities, and risks that might have an impact on a project, company, or organization. Organizations may create strategies to optimize their strengths and reduce their shortcomings by recognizing and comprehending these elements. This can increase their chances of success and help them stay competitive.

Advantage: Multi-Level Analysis

Top management needs to collect information from the environment before formulating a strategic plan for the organization. It facilitates an understanding of the strengths and weaknesses of the organisation. This factsheet examines the four elements of SWOT and the process of conducting an analysis. It provides tips for conducting the analysis and a ready-to-use SWOT analysis template. The factsheet concludes by looking at scenarios when a SWOT analysis is most appropriate, as well as its advantages and disadvantages.

Organization should be careful and recognize the opportunities and grasp them whenever they arise. Selecting the targets that will best serve the clients while getting desired results is a difficult task. Opportunities may arise from market, competition, industry/government and technology. Increasing demand for telecommunications accompanied by deregulation is a great opportunity for new firms to enter telecoms sector and compete with existing firms for revenue.

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The advantage and disadvantage of swot analysis, regulations, technology and trends are among possible factors that can threaten the viability and ongoing success of a business. By assessing these risks and challenges, company leaders can better prepare them or decide how to respond from a strategic standpoint. The opportunities section is critical to development of company strategies as it helps the company identify ways to improve and grow.


Customers and suppliers are two important external factors of the SWOT analysis. Incorporation of the analysis for an ongoing process to observe the changes in a business environment. Making decisions on which activities to be a priority based on the value and goals of the organization.

  • Depending on the viewpoint, SWOT analysis may be both advantageous and detrimental.
  • Organizations also may have difficulty determining whether something in their external environment presents an opportunity or a threat, and the SOOT framework does not offer a way to distinguish them.
  • The advantage lies in the fact that anyone with a basic understanding of the business can perform this analysis.
  • These factors prevent the organization from achieving its goals and full potential.
  • The company can likely be the first to market with new products and services, given that its competitors are slow adopters.

Threats like that are not only uncontrollable but also put the stability and survival of the company at a risk. Weaknesses are a critical part of SWOT for the same reasons that strengths are. Understanding your weaknesses helps you to prioritize what to work on next, and what opportunities you are most likely to succeed with.

How to Complete the SWOT Analysis Process

Organizations may therefore find themselves with a huge number of feasible tactics without any idea of which to concentrate on. Additionally, subjective analysis can lead to different interpretations of the same data, which can lead to confusion and misunderstandings. Finally, subjective analysis can be difficult to replicate, as the same results may not be achieved if the analysis is conducted by a different individual or a team. Limited in scope – The SWOT analysis is a great tool to use when evaluating a business, but it can be resource intensive.

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You may have a hard time making informed strategic decisions, especially if you are required to look at both positive and negative aspects of the information. Sometimes you will find yourself trying to decide whether a strategy is beneficial at all. This is the time to answer any questions team members have about any of the listed strengths . Individuals can delve deeper into the meaning behind various ideas, discuss their relevance, and ensure everyone is on the same page as to why they should be added to the list. Once this is completed, facilitators should identify three strengths to include on the list.

Thus, the can work on corporate weaknesses, enhance competitiveness, prepare for the unfavorable situations and grab the upcoming opportunities. It is a matrix documentation that makes it a visual analytical tool for a quick preview of critical points related to a business. Being an easy-to-use format, it has a widespread application for strategic planning and business decision making. It helps the management gain business insights on the company’s competitiveness, market trends, preferences, and uncertainties. It chalks down overall positives and negatives influencing the company’s performance, thus mapping the areas requiring corporate action. It also provides a basis for comparative study with the competitor’s SWOT.


In addition, the items on the left side of the table are more positive/favorable aspects, while the items on the right are more concerning/negative elements. Threats refer to factors that have the potential to harm an organization. For example, a drought is a threat to a wheat-producing company, as it may destroy or reduce the crop yield. Other common threats include things like rising costs for materials, increasing competition, tight labor supply. The threats require the consultancy to keep up-to-date with changes in technology.

Benefits and 4 Limitations of a SWOT Analysis

One of the biggest benefits of conducting an analysis is to determine opportunities for growth. It’s a great starting point for startups and teams that know they want to improve but aren’t exactly sure how to get started. With a personal SWOT analysis, you can examine areas of your life that could benefit from improvement, from your leadership style to your communication skills. Once you’ve agreed on your top ideas based on team capabilities, competencies, and overall impact, it’s easier to implement them. Research and implement new tools, such as a project management tool, that can help streamline these processes for you. Strengths in SWOT refer to internal initiatives that are performing well.

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